W&M ScholarWorks serves as the repository for W&M undergraduate honors theses. Students are required to submit their thesis in electronic format, commonly called an ETD (electronic theses and dissertations) to the repository.

Instructions to Submit Your Honors Thesis

Honors theses may have restricted access for a set time period or be restricted to On-Campus Access based on the author's choice. Additionally, William & Mary Libraries places On-Campus Access and long term embargos on Creative Writing, Non-Fiction theses.

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Honors Theses from 2021

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Performance Implications of Memory Affinity on Filesystem Caches in a Non-Uniform Memory Access Environment, Jacob Adams

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Oil Production and Performance of Ghana’s Manufacturing, Jutta Appiah

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Small Town Happenings: Local News Values and the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Local Newspapers, Dana Armstrong

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On Developing Psych Ward: A Play Representing Mental Illnesses and Personality Disorders, Abeer Hisham Ayyoub

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A Diagnosis of the Computational Implementation of Bayesian Melding for the Integrated Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation Applied to Australian Subcatchments, Caleb Baker

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"Concerning the Immersion": Trends In and Attitudes Towards Mikvah Use Among Jewish Virginians, James Barrie

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Composite Gravity in Curved Spacetime, Austin Batz

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Gender in Time, Jake Beardsley

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Progress Towards Electromagnetic Manipulation and Trapping of Micro-particles, Andrew John Beling

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“All Is Quiet in Arlington”: The Desegregation of Arlington County Public Schools and How We Remember It, Ella Benbow

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The Battle Between Expertise and Misinformation to Influence Public Opinion: A Focus on the Anti-Vaccination Movement, Alexandra Bongiorno

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Wielding a Double-Edged Sword: U.S. Confucius Institutes, Soft Power, and the “China Threat”, Emma Burleigh

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Using Zebrafish to Test a Computational Model Linking REM Sleep Behavior Disorder and Parkinson’s Disease, Belle Buzzi

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Blockchain in Healthcare: a New Perspective from Social Media Data, Andrew Caietti

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Construction of Pyridine Derivatives Using 1,4-Oxazin-2-one Precursors through Cycloaddition / Cycloreversion Tandem Sequences, Nicole Carrillo Vallejo

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Simulation and optimization of kinematics measurements for the MOLLER parity-violating electron-electron scattering experiment, Lauren Carver

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Molecular Cluster Fragment Machine Learning Training Techniques to Predict Energetics of Brown Carbon Aerosol Clusters, Emily E. Chappie

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Performing Generational Trauma: Quan Chau's The Specter, Quan Chau

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Cacna1g transcript knockdown analysis via in situ hybridization, Jennifer (Shih-En) Chen

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Cross-Dialectal Vowel Mapping and Glide Perception, Abram Clear

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Message Reframing & COVID-19 Safety Precautions, Elise Coberly

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A Voice from the Convent: Arcangela Tarabotti in Tridentine Venice, Zoe Connell

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SCOPE: Building and Testing an Integrated Manual-Automated Event Extraction Tool for Online Text-Based Media Sources, Matthew Crittenden

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The Effect of Adolescent Nicotine Exposure on Sociability in Adult Rats, Ian Cropley

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Concentration and Nurse Staffing Outcomes in the Healthcare Labor Market, Lizzy Crotty

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Social Spaces, Tourism, “Instagrammability, and Authenticity: The Phenomenon of Eccentric and Aesthetic Cosmopolitan-Style Coffee Shops in Chiang Mai, Thailand, Margot Cunningham

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Defining Sexism: The Impact of Elite Cues on Conceptualizations and Labeling of Gender-Based Prejudice, Leslie Davis

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The Republic of Happiness: James Wilson, Political Thought, and the American Revolution, Kevin Diestelow

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The Minimum Number of Multiplicity 1 Eigenvalues among Real Symmetric Matrices whose Graph is a Tree, Wenxuan Ding

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A Neopragmatist Understanding of Mathematics, Yuan Dong

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Tools in Bioengineering: From Bacteriophage to Bioprinting, Stephanie Do

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mo(u)rning person, Kate Dragonetti

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Like, Share, and Fight? The Role of Social Media and Cybernationalism in Exacerbating Tensions Between South Korea and Japan, Christina Durham

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Contentious Vulnerability: Infrastructure, Assemblages, and Environmental Justice Communities, Mads Emmett

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Movement in Crisis: The Position and Lived Experience of Venezuelan Crisis Migrants to the United States, Gustavo Espinosa

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Designing and Constructing a Library of Well-characterized Mycobacterium smegmatis Promoters, Xiangyi Fang

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The Denial Machine and its Effects on Climate Policy, Peter Faragasso

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Measuring Mitochondrial Distribution in Neural Progenitor Cells in the Developing Brain of Xenopus laevis, Sihan Feng

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Weight of Words: Moral Responsibility and Freedom of Speech, Sihan Feng

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Accessing the Gray Area Between Phonetics and Phonology: the Development of Vowel Length as a Subphonemic Cue, Abby Fergus

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The Role of Spider Silk in Peripheral Nerve Regeneration, Langston Forbes-Jackson

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"Epic Poems in Bronze": Confederate Memorialization and the Old South's Reckoning with Modernity in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, Grace Ford-Dirks

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May the Forest Be With You: A Study of Urban Green Space Composition in Richmond, VA, Sydney Fuhrig

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Work in the Twenty-First Century: A Marxist-Feminist Reconceptualization on a Communicative Model, Ziyi Fu

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Mehr als ein Spiel: Far-Left and Far-Right Football Subcultures in Germany, Daisy Garner

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The Effect of MK-STYX on the Interaction of HDAC6 and Ubiquitin, Emma Gergel

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Multivalent Conjugation of Biologically Active Molecules Through use of Unnatural Amino Acids, Cameron Goff

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The Metaphysics of Sexual Orientation: A Pluralist Account, Neal J. Going

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Addressing Systemic Harms Through Restorative Justice Principles, Elissa Gosling

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Attentional Bias to Positive and Negative Scenes Differs Based on Traits Related to Social Anxiety, Grace Haffner

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The Remittance Behavior of High-skill Migrants: Evidence from Albania, Gillous Harris

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Constructing Communities: The Effect of Housing Policy on County Populations and Election Outcomes, Ashley Hernandez Estrada

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The Trend of Male Cross-dressing in the Chinese Video Game Community, Xuanye He

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Experimental and Computational Electronic Quenching Dynamics of Nitric Oxide by Molecular Collisional Partners, David J. Hood

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Autocratic Influence in Democratic Transitions: How the Timing of Constitutional Reform Impacts Democratic Consolidation, Benjamin Hotchner

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Solidarity and Solitude: Disrupted Memories of AIDS in the Hemophilia Community, William Hubbert

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The Enslaved People and the Tylers Too: Why It Is Imperative to Discuss Slavery in Public History, Meredith Jackson

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Meeting the Lumpia Filipino: Self-Orientalism in Filipino America, Jamelah Jacob

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Mysteries and Uncertainties in Tracing Cryptic Viral Infections, Melaina Jacoby

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Molletism as a Paradigm: the Decline and Future of the Parti socialiste de France, Justin Kaley

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With Inviolable Voice, We Melt into Each Other with Phrases: The Construction and Deconstruction of Heteroglossia in T.S. Eliot's The Waste Land and Virginia Woolf's The Waves, Alexa Kelly

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Liberals Under My Bed and other Fairy Tales: Conservative Religious and Political Propaganda in Evangelical Children’s Literature, Rachel Kidd

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Playing by the Rules: The Use of Special Rules in the Contemporary United States House of Representatives, Zachary Kirk

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Gene Knockdown Investigations to Test the Disinhibition Hypothesis of Motor Program Initiation by Glutamatergic Neurons of the Pedunculopontine Nucleus of the Mesencephalic Locomotor Region, Shreyas Kumar

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The Catalytic Effect and the IMF: The Relationship between Capital Inflows and IMF Program Characteristics, Matthew Levinson

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Bottom-Up and Top-Down Pathways for Formation and Preparation of Natural Spider Silk Nanofibrils, Linxuan Li

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Attentional Dysfunction in Schizophrenia: The Effects of Dual Orexin Receptor Blockade on an NMDA Receptor Hypofunction Model, Paige Little

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WELCOMING THE GAME CHANGER OF HUMAN SOCIETY: A DEFENSE OF THE MORAL PERMISSIBILITY AND OBLIGATIONS OF HUMAN GENETIC ENGINEERING, Yongkang Li

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Flipping the Castle: Evolution of Gothic Spaces in the Domestic Sphere, Kate Lucas

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A Pain Free Nociceptor: Predicting Football Injuries with Machine Learning, Andrew Lyubovsky

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The Association Between Visceral Fat and Left Ventricular Performance in Pre- and Post-Menopausal Age Stage I-IV Cancer Patients that Receive Anthracycline-based Chemotherapy, Leila Mabudian

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Engendering Trans Inclusion in Interscholastic and Intercollegiate Athletics: A Critical Analysis of Sex and Gender in Sports, Title IX Protections post-Bostock, and Intersectional Methods of Antidiscrimination Law, Jack Mackey

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The Female Kirk: Women's Participation in the Early Scottish Presbyterian Church, Lydia Mackey

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“Garden-Magic”: Conceptions of Nature in Edith Wharton’s Fiction, Jonathan Malks

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Quantifying Dimensions of the Vowel Space in Patients with Schizophrenia and Controls, Elizabeth Maneval

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Revisiting British Zionism in the Early 20th Century, Benjamin Marin

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Alkylpyridinium Iodobismuthate Structural Determination and Analysis, Neal Marshall

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A Simplified Computational Approach to Model Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Treatment with Gemcitabine, Lauren Mayer

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Creating a Professional TV Show Pitch, Alexis Mays

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Life is Ours to Choose: Empathy and Choice-Making in Detroit: Become Human, Mary McCants

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To Fulfill What is Written: Reconsidering the Fulfillment-Formula Quotations of the Gospel of Matthew, Potter Cain McKinney

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Laurence Sterne: A Different Way of Approaching the Notion of Life in the Early Novel, Robert Metaxatos

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Linguistic Measures of Symptomatology in Schizophrenia, Celia Metzger

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The Money War: America's Efforts to Police Terrorist Financing and Its Impact on Hawala Networks, Charlotte Mines

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Proteomic Analysis of Mycobacteriophage CrimD, William Moeller

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Interrogating Injustice: Carceral Feminism, Brock Turner, and the Dilemmas of Seeking Accountability for Sexual Violence in Our Prison Nation, Willa Quinn Moffatt

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Improving Society through Electrification: The Case of Solar Energy in Mozambique, Christian Moore

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Y-Maze Spontaneous Alternation and Response Alternation Task for Assessing Spatial Memory in Zebrafish (Danio rerio), Emma Sophie Moore

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Children’s Approach-Avoidance Biases to Alcohol: The Role of Gender and Early Exposure, Maddie Moore

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Humic Acids as Sacrificial Electron Donors for Photocatalytic Hydrogen Generation, Allison Moyer

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Des Oiseaux Spectaculaires: Birds Observed and Imagined in French Court Culture Under Louis XIV, Sally Mullis

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How Differences in Political Ideology Impact Close Relationships, Erin Murray

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Andalucía en capas: Reconciling Andalusian Identity with Spanish and European Influence, Barham R. T. Nardo

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Virginia Governance under Francis Fauquier during the Anglo-Cherokee War: A Catalyst for the Proclamation of 1763, Rory Oates

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Turbo Shell Scrapers from the Society Islands: An Ethnohistorical and Microfossil Analysis Approach, Carol Oordt

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The Line of Dichotomy: Standpoints and Meaning in Anne Truitt's Art, Charles J. Parsons

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Investigating Charge Transfer Complexes in Brown Carbon Aerosols, Brianna Peterson

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A Survey of Methods to Determine Quantum Symmetry of Graphs, Samantha Phillips

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Determining Quantum Symmetry in Graphs Using Planar Algebras, Akshata Pisharody

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Evaluating Autophagy as a Mechanism for MK-STYX-induced Stress Granule Reduction, Tatiana Prioleau