Title

Restrained eating and memory specificity

Document Type

Article

Department/Program

Psychology

Journal Title

Appetite

Pub Date

2010

Volume

55

Issue

2

First Page

359

Abstract

Autobiographical memories are personal experiences that we store across our life-span A reduced ability to retrieve specific autobiographical experiences has been reported for a number of clinical populations Previous research has found that the size of the memory specificity effect can predict disorder occurrence, severity, and treatment success The current research examined whether a similar relationship could be found between memory specificity and restrained eating in a female college student population Participants retrieved autobiographical memories that related to cue-words associated with dieting and body image. Individual differences in restrained eating were measured with the Restraint Scale (RS). Participants who scored higher on the concern-with-dieting sub-scale of the RS retrieved fewer specific autobiographical memories regardless of their current dieting activity. The memory specificity effect has the potential to serve as a predictor of eating disorder occurrence and treatment success, and may also assist with the development of interventions targeting such disorders. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI

10.1016/j.appet.2010.06.001

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