Physical Review B
Vanadium dioxide (VO2) undergoes a phase transition at a temperature of 340 K between an insulating monoclinic M-1 phase and a conducting rutile phase. Accurate measurements of possible anisotropy of the electronic properties and phonon features of VO2 in the insulating monoclinic M-1 and metallic rutile phases are a prerequisite for understanding the phase transition in this correlated system. Recently, it has become possible to grow single domain untwinned VO2 microcrystals, which makes it possible to investigate the true anisotropy of VO2. We performed polarized transmission infrared micro-spectroscopy on these untwinned microcrystals in the spectral range between 200 cm(-1) and 6000 cm(-1) and have obtained the anisotropic phonon parameters and low frequency electronic properties in the insulating monoclinic M-1 and metallic rutile phases. We have also performed ab initio GGA+U total energy calculations of phonon frequencies for both phases. We find our measurements and calculations to be in good agreement. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.115121
Huffman, T. J., Xu, P., Qazilbash, M. M., Walter, E. J., Krakauer, H., Wei, J., ... & Basov, D. N. (2013). Anisotropic infrared response of vanadium dioxide microcrystals. Physical Review B, 87(11), 115121.