Physical Review B
Li2RuO3 (LRO) forms a valence bond crystal at room temperature. It undergoes a high temperature phase transition that involves structural, magnetic, and electronic changes leading to an exotic valence bond liquid state. The orbital degrees of freedom are thought to be fundamental to the evolution of LRO properties across the phase transition. We report temperature dependent broadband (100–26000cm–1) reflectance measurements on single crystals of LRO to elucidate structural and transport properties. Specifically, the phonon and electronic properties of LRO were investigated through the phase transition. We report that above the transition temperature (Tc≈500K), the optical band gap closes for electrons in the dxz/dyz orbitals, but the dxy electrons remain gapped. This behavior at high temperature can be associated with an orbital selective metallic state which to our knowledge has not been previously reported in LRO.
McArdle, Patrick; Huang, Fei-Ting; Yang, Junjie; ...; and Qazilbash, M. M., Orbital-selective metallicity in the valence-bond liquid phase of Li2 RuO3 (2022). Physical Review B, 105(24).
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