Inpc 2013 - International Nuclear Physics Conference, Vol. 2
The ratio of the proton form factors, GEp/GMp, has been measured from Q(2) of 0.5 GeV2 to 8.5 GeV2, at the Jefferson Laboratory, using the polarization transfer method. This ratio is extracted directly from the measured ratio of the transverse and longitudinal polarization components of the recoiling proton in elastic electron-proton scattering. The discovery that the proton form factor ratio measured in these experiments decreases approximately linearly with four-momentum transfer, Q(2), for values above approximate to 1 GeV2, is one of the most significant results to come out of JLab. These results have had a large impact on progress in hadronic physics; and have required a significant rethinking of nucleon structure. There is an approved experiment at JLab, GEp(5), to continue the ratio measurements to 12 GeV2. A dedicated experimental setup, the Super Bigbite Spectrometer (SBS), will be built for this purpose. In this paper, the present status of the proton elastic electromagnetic form factors and a number of theoretical approaches to describe nucleon form factors will be discussed.
Punjabi, V., & Perdrisat, C. F. (2014). The Proton Form Factor Ratio Measurements at Jefferson Lab. In EPJ Web of Conferences (Vol. 66, p. 06019). EDP Sciences.