Document Type

Article

Department/Program

Physics

Pub Date

2016

Volume

121

Issue

12

First Page

7360

Sponsorship / Conference

Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres

Abstract

In this article we describe a high-precision laboratory measurement targeting the R(6) manifold of the 2.3 band of (CH4)-C-12. High-fidelity modeling of this absorption spectrum for atmospheric temperature and pressure conditions will be required by the Franco-German, Methane Remote Sensing LIDAR (MERLIN) space mission for retrievals of atmospheric methane. The analysis uses the Hartmann-Tran profile for modeling line shape and also includes line-mixing effects. To this end, six high-resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio absorption spectra of air-broadened methane were recorded using a frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectroscopy apparatus. Sample conditions corresponded to room temperature and spanned total sample pressures of 40 hPa-1013 hPa with methane molar fractions between 1 mu mol mol(-1) and 12 mu mol mol(-1). All spectroscopicmodel parameters were simultaneously adjusted in amultispectrum nonlinear least squares fit to the six measured spectra. Comparison of the fitted model to the measured spectra reveals the ability to calculate the room temperature, methane absorption coefficient to better than 0.1% at the online position of theMERLINmission. This is the first time that such fidelity has been reached in modelingmethane absorption in the investigated spectral region, fulfilling the accuracy requirements of the MERLIN mission. We also found excellent agreement when comparing the present results with measurements obtained over different pressure conditions and using other laboratory techniques. Finally, we also evaluated the impact of these new spectral parameters on atmospheric transmissions spectra calculations.

DOI

10.1002/2016JD025024

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