In this paper we show that changing from an ion temperature gradient (ITG) to a trapped electron mode (TEM) dominant turbulence regime (based on linear gyrokinetic simulations) results experimentally in a strong density pump-out (defined as a reduction in line-averaged density) in low collisionality, low power H-mode plasmas. We vary the turbulence drive by changing the heating from predominantly ion heated using neutral beam injection to electron heated using electron cyclotron heating, which changes the T-e/T-i ratio and the temperature gradients. Perturbed gas puff experiments show an increase in transport outside rho = 0.6, through a strong increase in the perturbed diffusion coefficient and a decrease in the inward pinch. Linear gyrokinetic simulations with TGLF show an increase in the particle flux outside the mid-radius. In conjunction an increase in intermediate-scale length density fluctuations is observed, which indicates an increase in turbulence intensity at typical TEM wavelengths. However, although the experimental changes in particle transport agree with a change from ITG to TEM turbulence regimes, we do not observe a reduction in the core rotation at mid-radius, nor a rotation reversal.
Mordijck, S., Wang, X., Doyle, E. J., Rhodes, T. L., Schmitz, L., Zeng, L., ... & Grierson, B. A. (2015). Particle transport in low-collisionality H-mode plasmas on DIII-D. Nuclear Fusion, 55(11), 113025.