Physical Review D
Quarkonium-nucleus systems are composed of two interacting hadronic states without common valence quarks, which interact primarily through multigluon exchanges, realizing a color van der Waals force. We present lattice QCD calculations of the interactions of strange and charm quarkonia with light nuclei. Both the strangeonium-nucleus and charmonium-nucleus systems are found to be relatively deeply bound when the masses of the three light quarks are set equal to that of the physical strange quark. Extrapolation of these results to the physical light-quark masses suggests that the binding energy of charmonium to nuclear matter is B-phys(NM) less than or similar to 40 MeV.
Beane, S. R., Chang, E., Cohen, S. D., Detmold, W., Lin, H. W., Orginos, K., ... & Nplqcd Collaboration. (2015). Quarkonium-nucleus bound states from lattice QCD. Physical Review D, 91(11), 114503.