Date Awarded

Summer 2018

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)




Thomas J Ward

Committee Member

Victoria A Foster

Committee Member

Charles McAdams


According to Stamm (2010), variables in counselors’ work environment, personal environment, and client environment precipitate the development of compassion fatigue. Compassion fatigue, which comprises secondary traumatic stress and burnout, is an occupational hazard for counselors, and new counselors are especially vulnerable. A supervisory style that exhibits servant leadership traits may provide necessary support and counteract compassion fatigue symptoms for counseling residents. Servant leadership shares many philosophical assumptions of the counseling profession and addresses the administrative challenges many clinical supervisors face today (Evans, Wright, Murphy, & Maki, 2016). A sample of 241 counseling residents participated in the study and completed several instruments. Data were analyzed with two structural equation models to identify the impact of the perceived servant leadership traits of supervisors on counseling residents’ compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress with other relevant predictors. Limitations, avenues for future research, and implications for counselor education and supervision are discussed.



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