Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the significance of some contextual factors suspected of having the capacity to influence the availability, content, and affective tone of recollections. One hundred and eight young adult volunteer subjects were each asked to recall six cued recent or early childhood memories. Recall latencies were noted as well as scores indicating the degree of pleasure Ss attributed to their recollections at the time of their recall and the degree of pleasure they recall having attributed to the incidents at the time they occurred. Recollections were also evaluated for the importance of others to the remembered incidents and the perceived instrumentality (activity) of the recaller in the recalled incidents.;The research design used in this study was the Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design. Statistical procedures included analyses of variance and a t test. Eight null hypotheses provided the basis for testing the significance of the impact of two different collection formats (questionnaire vs. interview), three different collection contexts (created by provision of manipulated positive, neutral of non-responsive feedback regarding performance on an anagram task, and a span of apprehension task), and type of memory requested (recent vs. early childhood recollections).;Analyses of the data revealed a significant difference between the degree of pleasure subjects in interview and questionnaire groups assigned to their memories when they were being assessed for their contemporary significance to the recaller (F/1,104/ = 5.40, p. .05).
© The Author
Hughes, Carol Caswell, "An exploration of selected effects of circumstances which precede and surround recall of early childhood and recent adult experiences" (1986). Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects. Paper 1539618444.