Date Awarded


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)




Michael F. DiPaola


Educators are compelled by federal and state legislation to investigate multiple aspects of the school organization to address factors that may increase student achievement. This study addressed this issue by investigating organizational health and school safety in urban elementary schools and their relationships to student achievement. The study explored elementary school teachers' perceptions regarding organizational health and school safety. These data were correlated to student achievement on the Virginia Standards of Learning Tests in English and mathematics for fifth grade.;The Organizational Health Inventory (OHI) for elementary schools was used to survey teachers' perceptions of institutional integrity, collegial leadership, resource influence, teacher affiliation, and academic emphasis in 24 urban elementary schools in Virginia. The School Safety Survey (SSS) gathered data on teachers' perceptions of school safety. The fifth grade Virginia Standards of Learning (SOL) tests in the areas of English and mathematics were the measurement tools for student achievement. This study compared the overall health indices and the subscale scores of organizational health to school safety, achievement in English, and achievement in mathematics. It further investigated the relationship between school safety and achievement in English as well as achievement in mathematics.;The study showed that there was a strong positive relationship between organizational health and safety, organizational health and student achievement in both English and mathematics, and school safety and student achievement in both English and mathematics. Regression analysis of the subscales of organizational health revealed that academic emphasis had a strong independent effect on student achievement in English and mathematics. Correlation and regression analysis with regard to organizational health and safety indicated that organizational health had an independent effect on English, but not mathematics.



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