Date Awarded


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)




James H. Stronge

Committee Member

Margaret Constantino

Committee Member

Michael F. DiPaola


Effective reading instruction is paramount to the success of students in school and well into adulthood. Students that read below grade in third grade are more likely to drop out of high school and earn less income as adults. Teacher effectiveness is critical in helping to close these ongoing gaps with regards to reading. Teacher quality is very important to student achievement and as a result, teacher evaluation processes have become essential in determining and retaining quality teachers. Additionally, teachers’ and administrator’s perceptions of evaluations, particularly, perceptions of administrative feedback given and the impact it has on changing instructional practices, is important because teachers have a direct impact on student achievement and are one of the single most important factors in student performance. This study utilized a pragmatic paradigm for program evaluation as the theoretical framework to identify K-5 teachers’ and administrators’ perceptions of the impact of administrators’ feedback on teacher instructional practices in reading in a rural school district in Virginia. Focus groups and semistructured interviews were used to collect data from teachers and administrators regarding their perceptions of feedback and the impact on instructional practices in reading. Transcript and thematic analysis were used to analyze the data collected through the focus group and interviews that were conducted in this case study.



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