ORCID ID

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8726-4943

Date Awarded

2021

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Education

Advisor

Jason Chen

Committee Member

Tom Ward

Committee Member

Deidre Connelly

Abstract

Instruments for the measurement of collective efficacy beliefs in college athletes do not provide domain-specific information that reflects the unique nature of collegiate athletics or the characteristics of specific sports. Without domain-specific measures, interventions designed to enhance collective efficacy beliefs in collegiate athletes will not be optimized. This study proposes new scales to measure the collective efficacy beliefs of NCAA Division I soccer players and identify the sources of those beliefs. Additionally, this study aims to measure how well collective efficacy beliefs are predicted by their individual sources and how the academic, social, and structural background factors present in the collegiate athletic environment moderate the relationship between collective efficacy beliefs and their sources. To test collective efficacy beliefs and their sources, a survey was distributed to NCAA Division I soccer players. Scale structures were validated using a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The predictive power of the sources and moderating effect of background factors were analyzed with multiple regression. The results suggested a Sources of Collective Efficacy Beliefs scale comprised of positive preparation and performance environment and a Collective Efficacy Beliefs scale comprised of self-regulation and inclusivity. The results also showed that positive preparation and performance environment significantly predicted collective efficacy beliefs and background factors had no moderating effect. These results suggest that a collective efficacy beliefs scale for NCAA Division I soccer players should include academic, social, and structural items, and that coaches can enhance collective efficacy beliefs in their teams by influencing positive preparation and the performance environment.

Rights

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