Date Awarded


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)




James P Barber

Committee Member

Megan Tschannen-Moran

Committee Member

Adam P Barger


This research study was designed to explore potential variables of Sport Club student leaders’ contexts on their leadership development. My specific unit of analysis was the degree to which Sport Club student leaders demonstrated leadership outcomes in leadership skills that aligned with the Sport Club student leaders’ contexts. I defined Sport Club contextual variables as being the individual, organizational and institutional variables that differentiate Sport Club teams from interest-based student organizations. I devised a cross sectional study research design with a post-positivist lens in order to study a population of Sport Club student leaders at NIRSA (formerly the National Intramural Recreational Sports Association) member institutions. I viewed the Sport Club student leaders as both participants engaged in a discrete form of student involvement (Astin, 1984) and as leaders of teams (Northouse, 2019). I performed both descriptive and inferential statistical data analysis on a multidimensional leadership scale administered to the sample, in order to analyze Sport Club student leaders’ scores across leadership skills and across contextual variables, while controlling for demographic variables at the individual and organizational level. Lastly, I combined the MSL Socially Responsible Leadership Scale (SRLS), Identity Leadership Inventory (ILI) and Emotionally Intelligent Leadership (EIL) scale and added Sport Club contextual variables to create a proposed multidimensional leadership instrument which may be a short form of the EIL, ILI and SRLS scales. Finally, I performed factor analysis to explore a simple factor structure of Sport Club student leaders and their leadership outcomes, followed by a stepwise regression using the EFA factors. Results, implications for practice and recommendations for future research are discussed.



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