Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act (CWA) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s (USEPA’s) Water Quality Planning and Management Regulations (40 CFR Part 130) require states to develop total maximum daily loads (TMDLs) for waterbodies that are exceeding water quality standards (WQSs). TMDLs represent the total pollutant loading that a waterbody can receive without violating WQSs. The TMDL process establishes the allowable loadings of pollutants for a waterbody based on the relationship between pollution sources and in-stream water quality conditions. By following the TMDL process, states can establish controls based on water quality conditions to reduce pollution from both point and nonpoint sources to restore and maintain the quality of their water resources.
There are eight bacteria impairments in this study area. The Chickahominy River, Gordon Creek, and Diascund Creek (tidal) are listed on Virginia's 303(d) list because more than 10% of the total samples in the assessment period exceeded the Primary Contact Use (recreational/swimming) enterococci single sample maximum criterion of 104 colony forming units per 100 mL (cfu/100 mL). The Beaverdam Creek, the freshwater Unnamed Tributary to Beaverdam Creek, Diascund Creek (non-tidal), Mill Creek, and Barrows Creek are listed on Virginia's 303(d) list because more than 10% of the total samples in the assessment period exceeded the Primary Contact Use (recreational/swimming) E. coli single sample maximum criterion of 235 colony forming units per 100 mL (cfu/100 mL). Table ES.1 shows the details of impairments and Figure ES.1 shows the locations of these impairments. more....
Prepared for: Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
TMDL, environmental monitoring
Virginia Institute of Marine Science. (2017) Bacteria TMDL Development for Lower Chickahominy River Watershed Located in Charles City, James City, and New Kent Counties, VA. Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary. https://scholarworks.wm.edu/reports/1886