Document Type



Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Publication Date



This volume has its origin in a symposium held in Williamsburg, VA in April 1995, though most of the chapters have been significantly revised in the interim. The primary purpose of the symposium was to bring together state fisheries managers involved in fisheries-directed oyster enhancement and research scientists to refine approaches for enhancing oyster populations and to better develop the rationale for restoring reef habitats. We could hardly have anticipated the degree to which this been successful. In the interim between the symposium and the publication of this volume the notion that oyster reefs are valuable habitats, both for oysters and for the other ecosystem services they provide, has been gaining wider acceptance. . . .

Table of Contents

Introduction and Overview by Mark W. Luckenbach, Roger Mann and James A. Wesson

Part I. Historical Perspectives

  • Chapter 1 - The Evolution of the Chesapeake Oyster Reef System During the Holocene Epoch by William J. Hargis, Jr.
  • Chapter 2 - The Morphology and Physical Oceanography of Unexploited Oyster Reefs in North America by Victor S. Kennedy and Lawrence P. Sanford
  • Chapter 3 - Oyster Bottom: Surface Geomorphology and Twentieth Century Changes in the Maryland Chesapeake Bay by Gary F. Smith, Kelly N. Geenhawk and Dorothy L. Jensen

Part II. Synopsis of Ongoing Efforts

  • Chapter 4 - Resource Management Programs for the Eastern Oyster, Crassostrea virginica,in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico ...Past, Present and Future by Richard L. Leard, Ronald Dugas and Mark Benigan
  • Chapter 5 - Oyster Habitat Restoration: A Response to Hurricane Andrew by William S. Perret, Ronald Dugas, John Roussel, Charles A. Wilson, and John Supan
  • Chapter 6 - Oyster Restoration in Alabama by Richard K. Wallace, Kenneth Heck and Mark Van Hoose
  • Chapter 7 - A History of Oyster Reef Restoration in North Carolina by Michael D. Marshall, Jeffrey E. French and Stephen W. Shelton
  • Chapter 8 - Oyster Restoration Efforts in Virginia by James Wesson, Roger Mann and Mark Luckenbach

Part Ill. Reef Morphology and Function - Questions of Scale

  • Chapter 9 - South Carolina Intertidal Oyster Reef Studies: Design, Sampling and Focus for Evaluating Habitat Value and Function by Loren D. Coen, David M. Knott, Elizabeth L. Wenner, Nancy H. Hadley, Amy H. Ringwood and M. Yvonne Bobo
  • Chapter 10 - Small-scale Patterns of Recruitment on a Constructed Intertidal Reef: The Role of Spatial Refugia by Ian K. Bartol and Roger Mann
  • Chapter 11 - Perspectives on Induced Settlement and Metamorphosis as a Tool for Oyster Reef Enhancement by Stephen Coon and William K. Fitt
  • Chapter 12 - Processes Controlling Local and Regional Patterns of Invertebrate Colonization: Applications to the Design of Artificial Oyster Habitat by Richard W. Osman and Robert B. Whitlatch
  • Chapter 13 - Reefs as Metapopulatons: Approaches for Restoring and Managing Spatially Fragmented Habitats by Robert B. Whitlatch and Richard W. Osman
  • Chapter 14 - Application of Landscape Ecological Principles to Oyster Reef Habitat Restoration by David B. Eggleston
  • Chapter 15 - Use of Oyster Reefs as a Habitat for Epibenthic Fish and Decapods by Martin H. Posey, Troy D. Alphin, Christopher M. Powell and Edward Townsend
  • Chapter 16 - Are Three Dimensional Structure and Healthy Oyster Populations the Keys to an Ecologically Interesting and Important Fish Community? by Denise L. Breitburg
  • Chapter 17 - Materials Processing by Oysters in Patches: Interactive Roles of Current Speed and Seston Composition by Deborah Harsh and Mark W. Luckenbach
  • Chapter 18 - Oyster Reefs as Components in Estuarine Nutrient Cycling: fucidental or Controlling? by Richard F. Dame

Part IV. Alternative Substrates

  • Chapter 19 - Use of Dredged Material for Oyster Habitat Creation in Coastal Virginia by Walter I. Priest, III, Janet Nestlerode and Christopher W. Frye
  • Chapter 20 - Alternatives to Clam and Oyster Shell as Cultch for Eastern Oysters by Haywood, E. L., III, T. M. Soniat and R. C. Broadhurst, III
  • Chapter 21 - Dredged Material as a Substrate for Fisheries Habitat Establishment in Coastal Waters by Douglas Clarke, David Meyer, Allison Veishlow and Michael LaCroix

Part V. Management Options and Economic Considerations

  • Chapter 22 - Managing Around Oyster Diseases in Maryland and Maryland Oyster Roundtable Strategies by Kennedy T. Paynter
  • Chapter 23 - Chesapeake Bay Oyster Reefs, Their Importance, Destruction and Guidelines for Restoring Them by William J. Hargis, Jr. and Dexter S. Haven
  • Chapter 24 - Economics of Augmentation of Natural Production Using Remote Setting Techniques by John E. Supan, Charles A. Wilson and Kenneth J. Roberts



Oysters --Congresses Oyster culture -- Congresses Oyster fisheries -- Congresses

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.