Document Type



Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Publication Date



The goal of this project is to monitor effectiveness of nature-based resiliency projects such as those that use living shoreline management strategies. Living shoreline strategies can effectively control shoreline erosion while providing water quality benefits and maintaining natural habitat and coastal processes. These ecosystem-based management systems have been the preferred alternative for stabilizing tidal shorelines in the Commonwealth of Virginia since 2011. However, a recent analysis has shown that between 2011 and 2016 only 24% of the permits granted for shore protection were considered living shorelines (ASMFC, 2016). These types of systems may be relatively new to many landowners and some managers who may not be convinced about the long-term effectiveness of the systems for shore protection, their maintenance, and the main reason they are being constructed. Research has been performed on the effectiveness of created marsh habitats, but studies on the longterm effectiveness of the structures for shore protection in Chesapeake Bay from a design and construction perspective are relatively few.



Living Shorelines, sea level rise, coastal resiliency