Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Approximately 100% of lobsters landed in VIrginia are caught 60 to 80 miles off the coast. Prior to 1971 lobsters landed in Virginia were caught offshore by otter trawlers either incidental to finfish catch or by trawlers specifically in search for lobsters. , Several companies and several independent lobstermen have been fishing lobster traps since then. Few lobsters are now landed in Virginia by trawlers.
Harris, R. E., & Van Engel, W. A. (1977) Virginia Lobster Fishery. Virginia Institute of Marine Science, William & Mary. https://scholarworks.wm.edu/reports/2513