Document Type



Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Publication Date



Establishment of a Norfolk Canyon Marine Sanctuary provides the framework necessary to examine the biological, geological, and hydrographic processes functioning in submarine canyon systems and to improve the basis for management decisions related to exploitation of East Coast submarine canyons.

Research in submarine canyons is not an easy task. Although there are nearly 100 submarine canyons between Cape Hatteras and Nova Scotia, Norfolk Canyon, the canyon closest to the coast, is approximately 100 km from the nearest landfall. The Canyon begins at about the 80-100 m isobath contour and extends to a depth of more than 2000.


Norfolk Canyon National Marine Sanctuary, Marine ecology -- Norfolk Canyon