Virginia Institute of Marine Science
CRC Publ. No. 10-170
Numerous compounds in the environment interfere with normal endocrine function in humans and other animals. These compounds, which include heavy metals, a wide variety of anthropogenic organic compounds, steroids and steroid-mimicking compounds, are collectively termed endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs). Over the past 20 years, research on the impacts of EDC exposure has identified a range of effects on growth, development, and reproduction in humans and wildlife.
Luckenbach, M.W., P. deFur, M.L. Kellogg, and P. Van Veld. 2010. Potential effects of endocrine disrupting compounds on bivalve populations in Chesapeake Bay: A review of current knowledge and assessment of research needs. CRC Publ. No. 10-170.