Virginia Institute of Marine Science
The concept of a monitoring protocol for the environmentally sound management of federal offshore borrow areas along the U.S. east and Gulf of Mexico coasts is complex. In 2001 Research Planning, Inc. et al. developed such a protocol for the Minerals Management Service (MMS).
The proposed protocol addressed six issues:
1: Bathymetric and Substrate Surveys
2: Sediment Sampling and Analysis
3: Wave Monitoring and Modeling
4: Shoreline Monitoring and Modeling
5: Benthic Communities and Their Trophic Relationships to Fish
6: Marine Mammal and Wildlife Interactions During Dredging.
The procedures, techniques, and tools advanced to examine these issues are fully appropriate for use in the study of each of the issues at specific sites and, if adopted as a mandatory element of dredging projects, should provide robust datasets.
Ocean mining, Beach Nourishment, Shoreline Management, Sandbridge Beach, Virginia
This report was prepared under contract between the Minerals Management Service (MMS) and the Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William & Mary. This report has been technically reviewed by the MMS, and it has been approved for publication. Approval does not signify that the contents necessarily reflect the views and policies of the MMS, nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation for use. It is, however, exempt from review and compliance with the MMS editorial standards.
Diaz, R. J., Wikel, G. L., Browder, A. G., Maa, J. P., Milligan, D., Hardaway, C. S., Tallent, C. O., McNinch, J. E., Ha, H. K., Nestlerode, J. A., & Hobbs, C. H. (2006) Field Testing of a Physical/Biological Monitoring Methodology for Offshore Dredging and Mining Operations. Virginia Institute of Marine Science, College of William and Mary. https://scholarworks.wm.edu/reports/563