Document Type



Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Publication Date



Special Reports in Applied Marine Science and Ocean Engineering (SRAMSOE) No. 206


The present study was conducted by the Virginia Interagency Task Force on Chlorine to compare the relative merits of bromine chloride and chlorine as wastewater disinfectants. Operational and disinfection qualities of both halogens and the relative toxicities of the treated effluents were studied in a pilot scale system. Three specific objectives were pursued; 1. an evaluation of the relative disinfection capabilities of the two halogens; 2. an assessment of the toxicity of each effluent stream to juvenile spot; and 3. an analysis of the halogenated organics produced in treated and disinfected effluent. The results of studies directed at the first two objectives are the subject of this report. Results of chemical analyses of halogenated organics in treated and disinfected sewage effluents will be the subject of a subsequent report.



Water Quality, Human Impact, Virginia


FINAL REPORT TO Coast Plains Regional Commission, under the auspices of the Virginia Interagency Task Force on Chlorine