This paper explores empathy, humanism, and mindfulness in regard to multicultural and social justice counseling competence. An overview of each concept is provided along with theoretical convergences with multiculturalism, and relevant research is presented. Findings based on theory and research indicate that a humanistic stance, empathy, and mindfulness are beneficial and possibly essential for both providing effective multicultural counseling and doing social justice work. Acceptance-Based Behavioral Therapies (ABBTs) are discussed in relation to working with diverse populations, and findings are promising. Research and theory show that ABBTs are relevant and appropriate for working with a variety of individuals and diverse groups. The ideas of Paulo Freire, a Brazilian educator and revolutionary, are explored, including their convergence with those of Carl Rogers, one of the founders of Humanistic Psychology. Applications of Freirean concepts to clinical practice are examined, and implications for counseling and counselor training programs are discussed.
Coma, Marie T. and Hunter, Quentin
"Empathy, Humanism, and Mindfulness in Multicultural Counseling and Social Justice Work,"
The William & Mary Educational Review: Vol. 6, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarworks.wm.edu/wmer/vol6/iss1/6