Date Thesis Awarded


Access Type

Honors Thesis -- Access Restricted On-Campus Only

Degree Name

Bachelors of Arts (BA)


Theatre, Speech & Dance


Artisia Green

Committee Members

Richard H. Palmer

Free Williams


This thesis examines José Rivera’s 1992 play Marisol as an apocalyptic and millennial text. The play responds to the cultural climate of America at the end of the twenty-first century, presenting a social critique by playing on the nation’s widespread premillennial anxieties and anticipations. By paralleling the play with the Christian Apocalypse found in the book of Revelation, Rivera further plays with the audience’s expectations, but ultimately rewrites the millennial narrative to emphasize human agency over divine intervention. This is characteristic of revolutionary millenarian movements, which seek to recreate the world when faced with situations of extreme social distress. In the end, Rivera remains ambivalent to the legitimacy of violent revolution, but encourages the audience to determine their own methods of achieving change. Any theatrical production of Marisol must maintain this balance of millennial transformation and individual reflection. By subverting cultural expectations and fashioning new millennial narratives, Rivera creates a unique form of revolutionary millenarianism encouraging the audience to enact significant, human-driven social change.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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