Date Thesis Awarded


Access Type

Honors Thesis -- Open Access

Degree Name

Bachelors of Science (BS)




Philip Swenson

Committee Members

Jennifer Bestman

Timothy Costelloe


In this thesis, I will propose a moral responsibility framework termed “the Anticipation Model,” which argues that for an agent to be held morally blameworthy for any act, two necessary conditions are required. First, they can freely choose not to perform the action, and second, the committed act either violates their normative judgment at the time of action or violates the agent’s general moral beliefs. Based on the above moral framework, I will subsequently defend freedom of speech through arguing that a positive moral responsibility judgment for speech is seldom justified. If, under rare circumstances, speech responsibility can be determined, people still ought to be skeptical about the amount of blameworthiness that can be rightfully attributed to the speaker.