Date Thesis Awarded


Access Type

Honors Thesis -- Access Restricted On-Campus Only

Degree Name

Bachelors of Arts (BA)


International Relations


Amy Oakes

Committee Members

S.P. Harish

Ayfer Stump


In my thesis I propose that sustained and sizeable male outmigration fosters stronger civic engagement among the women that are left behind. In whaling communities on the southeastern coast of Norway, in the county of Vestfold, men left on whaling expeditions for large parts of the year over the course of many generations. The women they left behind experienced greater physical and fiscal autonomy which resulted in them being able to take on more roles both within and outside the home. These conditions fostered greater civic engagement among the Norwegian whaling wives. Women's active engagement in civil society within the whaling communities also had broader implications for the successful implementation of welfare policies and the enfranchisement of women.

On-Campus Access Only