Date Thesis Awarded


Access Type

Honors Thesis -- Access Restricted On-Campus Only

Degree Name

Bachelors of Arts (BA)




Kathleen Jenkins

Committee Members

George Greenia

Tracy Sohoni


This research explores alternative justice processes that activate culturally specific rituals intending to reintegrate the offender back into the community. This study uses an ethnographic research design that began on the Camino de Santiago in northern Spain in 2012 and expanded to therapeutic justice programs amidst varying political-cultural contexts in California and New South Wales, Australia. The analysis expands upon theory on rituals of reintegrative shaming in restorative justice settings and forwards the concept of “Embedding Justice.” Embedding Justice is the symbolic activation of cultural beliefs and values through justice rituals undergone at the community level. I illustrate the ritual mechanisms shared across these three sites in Embedding Justice shaming rituals and consider their implications for the study of reintegrative justice.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

On-Campus Access Only