Date Thesis Awarded


Access Type

Honors Thesis -- Access Restricted On-Campus Only

Degree Name

Bachelors of Arts (BA)




Janice Zeman

Committee Members

M. Christine Porter

Sandra Ward


This study examined how 90, primarily Caucasian children in grades 1-4 express sadness, anger, and pride within close friendships. Emotion discussion tasks were transcribed and coded. The results demonstrated that girls used more positive and negative emotion words for anger, although the overall length of boys' and girls' interactions did not differ. Girls and older children used more positive emotion words for pride. Younger children rated their anger experiences as more intense than older children. For sadness discussion, boys used more dismissing behaviors than girls, whereas girls used more validation than boys. Younger children engaged in more helping behaviors. For anger, younger boys used more dismissing responses than older boys. For pride, older children engaged in more validating behaviors than younger children.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.


Thesis is part of Honors ETD pilot project, 2008-2013. Migrated from Dspace in 2016.

On-Campus Access Only