Date Thesis Awarded


Access Type

Honors Thesis -- Access Restricted On-Campus Only

Degree Name

Bachelors of Arts (BA)


Religious Studies


John Morreall

Committee Members

Julie Galambush

Tracy Arwari


In this paper, I seek to prove that although liberation theology has significantly declined in the last two decades, it remains an active movement that has left a lasting mark on Latin America and is ultimately only one part of a social justice initiative within Christianity that will inevitably continue in the future. First, I give a basic overview of liberation theology's ideology, history, and relationship to the Vatican during liberation theology's "golden age," which lasted from the 1960s to the mid-1980s. Second, I explain the decline of liberation theology in the 1990s and 2000s, focusing particularly on repression from the Vatican, changes in the political climate of Latin America, and the rise of Evangelical Protestantism. Third, I discuss the present-day state of liberation theology and its impact on Latin America, looking at social, political, and religious developments that in one way or another are related to liberation theology. Fourth and last, I analyze liberation theology's roots within Christianity and its significance as a part of the Christian initiative for social justice.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.


Thesis is part of Honors ETD pilot project, 2008-2013. Migrated from Dspace in 2016.

On-Campus Access Only