Date Thesis Awarded


Access Type

Honors Thesis -- Access Restricted On-Campus Only

Degree Name

Bachelors of Science (BS)




Chi-Kwong Li

Committee Members

David Stairs Armstrong

Robert Michael Lewis


Denote by Mn the set of n × n complex matrices. Let S(A) be one of the following: the Gershgorin Set, Braeur's Set of Cassini Ovals, and the Ostrowki set. Characterization is obtained for maps Φ : Mn → Mn such that S( Φ(A) - Φ(B)) = S(A - B) for all A,B ∈ Mn. It is shown that such maps can be decomposed as the composition of two or three simple maps such as permutation similarity transforms, permutation of off-diagonal entries in each row, and norm preserving maps on individual diagonal entries. Similar results can be obtained for maps Φ : Mn → Mn satisfying S(Φ(A)+ Φ(B)) = S(A+B) for all A,B ∈ Mn. Moreover, using these results, one can readily determine the structure of additive maps and linear maps Ψ : Mn → Mn satisfying S( Ψ(A)) = S(A) for all A ∈ Mn. Characterization is also obtained for maps Φ: Mn → Mn satifying S( Φ(A) Φ(B)) = S(AB) for all A,B ∈ Mn. In most cases, the maps are composition of similarity tranformations by permutation and diagonal unitary matrices followed by a multiplication by a scalar μ ∈ {1,-1}. Related results and problems are also described.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.


Thesis is part of Honors ETD pilot project, 2008-2013. Migrated from Dspace in 2016.

On-Campus Access Only