Document Type



Virginia Institute of Marine Science

VIMS Department/Program

Center for Coastal Resources Management (CCRM)

Publication Date



Rivers & Coast, Summer 2023, Vol. 18


Rivers & Coast is a periodic publication of the Center for Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Institute of Marine Science. The goal of Rivers & Coast is to keep readers well informed of current scientific understanding behind key environmental issues related to watershed rivers and coastal ecosystems of the Chesapeake Bay.


The Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) was directed through the Tidal Wetlands Management Act (1972) to provide guidance for management decisions and maintain an ongoing inventory of wetlands. This issue highlands VIMS five decades of science that has supported Virginia as a leader in integrated and adaptive tidal wetlands management developments.



Shoreline management, Shore protection

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


This report was partially funded by the Virginia Institute of Marine Science and by the Virginia Coastal Zone Management Program of the Department of Environmental Quality by Grant #NA22NOS4190187 - Task 6 of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resources Management, under the Coastal Zone Management Act, as amended. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of NOAA or any of its subagencies or DEQ.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.