Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Marine Ecology - Progress Series
Thermal tolerance was tested in cleavage stages, trochophores and straight hinge larvae of the bay scallop Argopecten irradians. Experiments were designed to simulate larval entrainment in power plant cooling systems. An 11 (temperature) x 8 (time) matrix was used with temperatures ranging from 20.6 to 43.0 oc and exposure times from 1 min to 6 h. Pooled mortality data from triplicate experiments for each larval stage were subjected to stepwise regression analysis (Yarcsine % mortality on temperature and time). Equations derived from these analyses, comprising first, second and third order terms for temperature and time, were used to generate response surfaces relating mortality to temperature and exposure time. In general. higher mortalities were associated with higher temperatures and with longer time exposure at any one temperature. However, there was some evidence of cold shock in trochophore and straight hinge larvae, with elevated mortalities occurring at temperatures lower than the spawning temperature. There was a trend towards increased thermal tolerance in older larvae, although in general A. irradians showed the greatest sensitivity to thermal shock of the estuarine bivalves so far tested in our laboratory.
Wright, D. A.; Roosenburg, W. H.; and Castagna, M., Thermal tolerance in embryos and larvae of the bay scallop Argopecten irradians under simulated power plant entrainment conditions (1984). Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 14, 269-273.