Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Proceedings of the National Shellfisheries Association
A low technology method utilizing hatchery-raised seed clams and field grow-out techniques is presented.This technique appears to be economically feasible and can be carried out by non-technical personnel with a minimum of training. The hatchery uses the Wells-Glancy (centrifuged, incubated seawater) method for raising food for the larval clams. The larvae set in 8 - 10 days and the seed are supplied with flowing seawater until they grow to 2 mm. The 2 mm seed were placed in nursery plots and protected from predation by a layer of gravel or crushed stone aggregate. Movement of the small clams was prevented by a system of baffles which enclosed and dissected the nursery areas. Field survival of a 1975 test group of 600,000 clams approached 75 % . Costs of raising the clams for the first year are included.
Castagna, Michael and Kraeuter, John N., Mercenaria Culture Using Stone Aggregate For Predator Protection (1977). Proceedings of the National Shellfisheries Association, 67, 1-6.