Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Journal of Shellfish Research
Seed size at planting is the dominant factor affecting hard clam survival to marketable size when field grow-out techniques are used. The use of plastic mesh nets, crab traps, and wire mesh bags (filled with oyster shells) alone or in combination can be used to increase survival of hard clams of ~ 6 to 8-mm shell height. These techniques do not provide sufficient protection for 2-mm seed. The combination of net + crab trap + shell bag was nearly twice as effective as the net alone when 10 to 14-mm seed was used and over five times as effective as the net alone when 6 to 8-mm seed were planted. Survival in excess of 50% slows the growth rate and yields higher percentages of submarketable, < 25-mm thick (New York legal limit) clams. Local markets and dealers would accept all clams >22 mm.
Hard clam, Mercenaria mercenaia, survival, predator exclusion
Kraeuter, John N. and Castagna, Michael, The Effects Of Seed Size, Shell Bags, Crab Traps, And Netting On The Survival Of The Northern Hard Clam Mercenaria Mercenaria (Linne) (1985). Journal of Shellfish Research, 5(2), 69-72.