Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Journal of Geophysical Research : Oceans
Tide is one of the most important hydrodynamic driving forces and has unique features in the Yangtze Estuary (YE) due to the complex geometry of third-order bifurcations and four outlets. This paper characterizes the tidal oscillations, tidal dampening, tidal asymmetry, and tidal wave propagation, which provides insights into the response of the estuary to tides during the dry season. The structural components of tidal oscillations are initially attained by tidal analysis. The increasingly richer spectrum inside the estuary shows an energy transfer corresponding to the generation and development of nonlinear overtides and compound tides. A 2-D numerical model is further set up to reproduce tidal dynamics in the estuary. The results show that the estuary is a strongly dissipative estuary with a strong nonlinear phenomenon. Three amplifications are presented in the evolution process of tidal ranges due to the channel convergence. Tidal asymmetry is spatiotemporally characterized by the M-4/M-2 amplitude ratio, the 2M(2)-M-4 phase difference, and the flood-ebb duration-asymmetry parameter, and the estuary tends to be flood-dominant. There exists mimic standing waves with the phase difference of the horizontal and vertical tide close to 90 degrees when tidal wave propagates into the estuary, especially during the neap tide. In addition, the differences in tidal distortion, tidal ranges, and tidal waves along the two routes in the South Branch (S-B) suggest the branched system behaves differently from a single system.
tidal oscillations; tidal asymmetry; flood dominance; tides
Lu, Sheng; Tong, Chaofeng; Lee, Dong-Young; Zheng, Jinhai; Shen, Jian; Zhang, Wei; and Yan, Yixin, Propagation of tidal waves up in Yangtze Estuary during the dry season (2015). Journal of Geophysical Research : Oceans, 120(9), 6445-6473.