Postimpact deformation associated with the late Eocene Chesapeake Bay impact structure in southeastern Virginia
Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Upper Cenozoic strata covering the Chesapeake Bay impact structure in southeastern Virginia record intermittent differential movement around its buried rim. Miocene strata in a graben detected by seismic surveys on the York River exhibit variable thickness and are deformed above the crater rim. Fan-like interformational and intraformational angular unconformities within Pliocene–Pleistocene strata, which strike parallel to the crater rim and dip2°–3° away from the crater center, indicate that deformation and deposition were synchronous.Concentric, large-scale crossbedded, bioclastic sand bodies of Pliocene age within ~20 km of the buried crater rim formed on offshore shoals, presumably as subsiding listric slump blocks rotated near the crater rim.
Atlantic Coastal Plain; bedding; Cenozoic; Chesapeake Bay; deformation; earthquakes; Eocene
Johnson, Gerald H.; Kruse, Sarah E.; Vaughn, Allison W.; Lucey, John K.; Hobbs, C.; and Powars, David S., Postimpact deformation associated with the late Eocene Chesapeake Bay impact structure in southeastern Virginia (1998). Geology (Boulder), 26(6), 507-510.