Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Temperature and salinity define a set of conditions within which planktonic organisms can survive and develop. Thorson ( 1946) described the restriction of some meroplankters to Kattegat water in the Oresund which was presumed to be based on either a temperature, or a salinity discontinuity or both. Bary ( 1963a, b, c) , in an extensive study of North Atlantic plankton, clearly demonstrated a relationship between zooplankton distribution and temperature-salinity distribution. Banse ( 1956) observed the distribution of polychaete and echinoderm larvae with respect to various water masses in Kiel Bay. He concluded that these larvae were restricted to their "Gebirtswasser" the temperature-salinity characteristics of these water masses. In a subsequent paper ( 1959) he described a similar situation for copepods. ( ...)
Contribution (Virginia Institute of Marine Science) no. 368.
Roberts, Morris H. Jr., Larval Development of Pagurus longicarpus Say Reared in the Laboratory. II. Effects of Reduced Salinity on Larval Development (1971). Biological Bulletin, 140, 104-106.