Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Limnology and Oceanography
Twenty-five species of Chaetoceros were taken from monthly samples during one year in the Atlantic Ocean off the Virginia capes. Results indicate the fall-winter period to be the most productive in numbers and species diversity. The Chaetoceros population was primarily a mixture of cold- and warm-water forms, with two species, C. decipiens and C. didymus, being most abundant and widespread. A cyclic seasonal pattern based on past records is suggested for the genus along the east coast of the United States. Seasonality, temperature, and salinity ranges for each species are presented.
Mulford, Richard A., Investigations of Inner Continental Shelf Waters Off Lower Chesapeake Bay. Part V. Seasonality of the Diatom Genus Chaetoceros (1964). Limnology and Oceanography, 9(3), 385-390.